• Shore

HISTORY OF THE MARYLAND FLAG


By Dabrianna Green | Photo by Getty Images


The Maryland flag is the epitome of tangible storytelling; a depiction of how the state came to be.

THE DESIGN PROCESS


Maryland’s early association with black and yellow served as an ode to the Calvert family, colonial proprietors of Maryland.

George Calvert’s mother’s position as an heiress to the Crossland line entitled him to use both Calvert and Crossland Coats of Arms in his banner — forming the banner we know today.

During the Civil War, Pro-Confederate Marylanders adopted the red and white of the Crossland Coat of Arms to distinguish themselves from Maryland as the world knew it, a black and yellow Union state.

By the end of the war, both sets of colors were collectively associated with Maryland. Both sets of colors were integrated during the Reconstruction era to symbolize reconciliation.

THE TIMELINE


1880 Flags mimicking the stylistic elements of George Calvert’s banner appear in published sketches by Frank Blackwell Mayer.

1888

A flag with the alternating Calvert and Crossland colors is spotted at the dedication ceremonies for the Maryland monument at the Gettysburg Battlefield.